The final set of molars, typically emerge between the ages of 17 and 25, and they are situated at the very back of the mouth, both on the top and bottom.

In cases where there’s insufficient space in the mouth, wisdom teeth may not surface properly, leading to potential issues. Impacted wisdom teeth can result in infection, and damage to other teeth, and may even lead to cysts or other pathology if left untreated.

There are different types of impaction based on the depth of the teeth within the jaw:

  • Soft Tissue Impaction: The upper part of the tooth has broken through the bone, but the gum covers part or all of the tooth, leading to potential infection and decay.
  • Partial Bony Impaction: The tooth has partially erupted, with part of the crown still submerged, making infection common.
  • Complete Bony Impaction: The tooth is completely encased by the jawbone, often requiring complex removal techniques.

A thorough examination and X-rays are necessary to assess the position of the wisdom teeth and any potential issues. Early evaluation and treatment can help identify problems and improve the outcomes for patients needing wisdom teeth removal.

The removal of wisdom teeth is a common procedure, usually performed under local anesthesia, sedation, or general anesthesia. Following the surgery, patients receive post-operative instructions and medication, if needed, to manage any discomfort or swelling.

If wisdom teeth are impacted, a referral to a specialist for removal under general anesthesia may be recommended.


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