Endodontics
(Root Canal)

Root canal treatment becomes necessary when a tooth’s nerve becomes inflamed or severely infected, typically due to trauma or extensive decay. This can lead to symptomatic pain. To alleviate this pain, the infected internal contents of the tooth must be removed through a process known as Root Canal Treatment.

The main goal of this treatment is to thoroughly clean and disinfect the internal dental pulp space, ultimately preventing the tooth from becoming re-infected.

Typically, the procedure is performed over 2 to 3 appointments.

Appointment 1

During the initial ’emergency’ appointment, the focus is on quickly relieving the patient’s pain. Local anaesthetic is administered, and the area housing the nerves and blood vessels is located for cleaning. A local antibiotic and anti-inflammatory are applied to the internal pulp chamber, and the tooth is temporarily restored. Typically, the patient experiences significant relief within a day or up to a week, although in some cases, the relief is immediate.

Appointment 2

The second appointment involves using special files and irrigants to further clean and shape the internal dental pulp space. More antibiotic and anti-inflammatory medication is applied and the tooth is temporarily restored.

Appointment 3

The space is then filled with an inert rubberised material and prepared for a crown to be placed at a subsequent appointment. Since root-treated teeth are often weakened due to decay or trauma, it is crucial to protect them from breakage. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that all root-treated teeth have a crown placed to strengthen and protect the tooth, especially posterior teeth.

After the tooth is restored, it will function and appear like the surrounding teeth. The only notable difference is the reduced ability to feel ‘hot and cold’ sensations.

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